• Overcoming Shale Oil Processing Challenges

    The impacts of shale oil in the refining process The Impacts of Transporting Shale Oil Whether transporting crude via pipeline, truck, barge, or rail car, shale oil

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  • Oil Shale Pyrolysis

    Fig. 3: Oil shale processing plant in Kiviõli. (Source: Wikimedia Commons: It has to be pointed out, though, that it is not easy to assess the extent to which shale reserves are economically recoverable or, in other words, what it takes to turn a resource into a reserve. Assuming an oil price of 50$ per barrel, global oil shale reserves may ...

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  • Shale Oil & Gas: A study on refining

    Shale oil (light tight oil) is rapidly emerging as a significant, and relatively low cost, unconventional energy resource. There is potential for shale oil production to spread globally over the next couple of decades. If this does happen, it would revolutionize global …

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  • Oil Shale Processing

     · Shale oil processing is defined as an industrial process to which raw shale oil is subjected to extract oil from it—basically a process to produce unconventional oil [1]. Because shale oil exists as solid sedimentary rocks, its extraction is more complex than extraction of conventional oil [1]. It cannot be directly pumped out of the ground ...

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  • Some general information on oil shale

    Oil shale distillates (products of retorting) typically favor the production of middle-distillates (diesel and kerosene), and have higher concentrations of nitrogen than crude oil. To produce light-distillates (such as gasoline) additional processing, such as hydrocracking, …

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  • Oil shale processing: extraction of dawsonite (Patent ...

    Process of recovering oil and dawsonite from oil shale Patent Prats, M Recovery is described of shale oil and soluble aluminum compounds, such as dawsonite from underground dawsonite-containing oil-shale formations by sequential treatment of such formations to effect pyrolysis of the organic matter.

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  • US Shale Oil: Boom and Bust, Reserves, Companies

     · Since 2014, U.S. shale oil has created a boom in domestic crude oil production. Shale oil comprises more than a third of the onshore production of crude oil in the lower 48 states. It drove U.S. oil output from 8.8 million barrels per day in 2014 to a record 12.2 million barrels a day in 2019.

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  • Oil and Gas Drilling

    6. 1. Directional drilling refers to turning the well to follow the path of the shale layer. 2. The Marcellus is just one shale layer from which drillers are attempting to extract oil and natural gas. 3. The fracturing of the shale in this part of the drilling process is where the term "fracking" originated. 4.

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  • oil shale | National Geographic Society

     · Extracting and processing shale oil is an expensive and difficult process. Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are less expensive to extract. Australia, Brazil, Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, and South Africa began mining oil shale in the 19th and 20th centuries, but they all stopped production …

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  • Catalytic solutions for processing shale oils in the FCC

    Catalytic solutions for processing shale oils in the FCC. Monetising tight oils requires suppression of unconventional metals contamination and gas formation, and adherence to flexible catalyst functionality. As novel technology for hydraulic fracturing with directional drilling continues to develop, shale oil (also referred to as tight oil ...

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  • History of the oil shale industry

    The modern industrial use of oil shale for oil extraction started in France, where oil shale commercial mining began in Autun in 1837. The shale oil production started in 1838 by using Selligue process, invented by Alexander Selligue. In 1846 the Canadian physician and geologist Abraham Gesner invented a process for retorting an illuminating liquid from coal, bitumen and oil shale.

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  • Oil Shale – Utah Geological Survey

    Oil Shale. Not to be confused with shale oil, which is oil produced via horizontal wells and hydraulic fracturing, oil shale must be heated to high temperatures to convert the organic matter (kerogen) into usable oil.. Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock composed of mud containing clays and silt-size particles of other minerals.

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  • Oil shale processing joint venture in Auvere, Estonia ...

     · Oil shale processing joint venture in Auvere, Estonia. High-capacity plant produces 290,000 metric tons of shale oil annually and utilizes Outotec solid heat carrier technology to extract oil and produce electricity. Enefit has operated two Enefit140 production units …

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  • Oil Shale Journal Information – Estonian Academy Publishers

    The Oil Shale (Goryuchie Slantsy) was founded in 1984 as a joint scientific-technical journal of the Academies of Sciences of the former USSR and Estonian SSR. The Oil Shale is concerned with geology, mining, genesis, composition, methods of processing and combustion, economics and utilization of oil shale and bituminous sands, as well as with ...

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  • How is Shale Gas Produced?

    The hydraulic fracturing process was used in conventional limestone and sandstone reservoirs for decades before the onset of the shale revolution. But it was not until the 1970s that significant attempts to apply the technology to gas shale were made, pioneered by DOE research and …

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  • Oil Shale Processing, Chemistry and Technology | SpringerLink

     · In shale oil recovery technologies, retorting is a pyrolytic process designed to produce oil. Generally, this process is performed by placing oil shale in a sealed vessel heated in order to promote pyrolysis; this reactor is called a retort. Retorting residue or spent shale.

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  • Enefit280 Oil Shale Processing Plant

    Enefit280 Oil Shale Processing Plant flowsheet. Specifications. As oil shale composition and processing capability is highly dependent on the resource, Outotec, together with our joint venture Enefit Outotec Technology, offers two small-size test facilities. These two units,with 10 and 300 kg/h throughputs, allow testing of the oil shale ...

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  • Oil shale economics

    Oil shale economics deals with the economic feasibility of oil shale extraction and processing.Although usually oil shale economics is understood as shale oil extraction economics, the wider approach evaluates usage of oil shale as whole, including for the oil-shale-fired power generation and production of by-products during retorting or shale oil upgrading processes.

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  • Demonstration of Advanced Technology for Surface ...

     · Demonstration of Advanced Technology for Surface Processing of Oil Shale. Project Number. ER84951. Last Reviewed Dated. Wed, 05/30/2012 - 12:00. Goal. The goal of this project is to develop and demonstrate a new surface process technology for oil shale which is simple, clean, and can be commercialized in a shorter time.

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  • Topsoe shale oil processing technology | Process licensing ...

    Topsoe shale oil processing technology Making the best out of shale oil. Shale oils present unique challenges. While shale oils vary greatly depending on their source of origin, they do have many physical properties in common, such as high density and contaminants.

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  • Oil Shale Extraction | HowStuffWorks

    The process of extracting liquid crude oil from the ground is comparatively simple to extracting oil shale. Pressure from gases trapped in the chamber where oil is present force the crude oil to the surface. After this pressure is alleviated, the more difficult secondary and tertiary phases of oil drilling begin.

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  • An Assessment of Oil Shale Technologies (Part 7 of 18)

    An Overview of Oil Shale Processing Converting shale in the ground to finishedbroken with explosives to create a highly fuels and other products for consumer mar-permeable zone through which hot fluids kets involves a series of processing steps.can be circulated; and

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  • U.S. Shale Oil Production Descent to Continue in November ...

     · Oil production in this unconventional play continued to set records and reached an all-time high of around 4.8 million barrels per day in April, according to data from the Department of Energy.

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  • In 2021, U.S. Shale May Surprise Oil Markets Again

     · JPMorgan Chase notes that full-cycle breakevens have declined by $4 a barrel, or 8 percent, to $46 a barrel on average in the five core shale oil …

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  • Death of shale ''exaggerated'': US oil patch springs to life ...

     · U.S. shale oil production is ramping back up, with crude prices returning to pre-pandemic levels following recovery of demand, making drilling profitable again …

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  • Oil Shale FAQs

    The term oil shale generally refers to any sedimentary rock that contains solid bituminous materials (called kerogen) that are released as petroleum-like liquids when the rock is heated in the chemical process of pyrolysis. Oil shale was formed millions of years ago by the deposition of silt and organic debris on lake beds and sea bottoms.

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  • Oil Shale

    Oil shale is a sedimentary rock that contains an organic material called kerogen. Kerogen can be heated, separated from the rock, processed and turned into liquid shale oil. The liquid shale oil can be treated and refined into diesel and jet fuels, as well as into petrol.

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  • Oil shale

    Oil shale - Oil shale - Surface processing: Four basic steps are involved in the aboveground processing of oil shale: mining the ore (either through underground or surface mining), crushing the ore to a size that can be handled by the retort, retorting (heating) the crushed shale to pyrolysis temperatures, and upgrading the oil obtained by pyrolysis of the organic content of the shale.

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  • Oil shale processing technology (Book) | OSTI.GOV

    @article{osti_6510105, title = {Oil shale processing technology}, author = {Allred, V D}, abstractNote = {This excellent monograph of information compiled by experts from around the world in the field of processing oil shales presents a comprehensive review of all commercial or near-commercial processing technology for producing crude oil from the host rock.

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  • Influence of co-processing of coal and oil shale on ...

     · 1. Introduction. Oil shale (OS) reserve in China is around 7.2 × 10 11 tons and is of some potential to play a role in meeting the country''s energy demand [,, ].Currently, the commonly adopted process for the commercial-scale utilization of oil shale is retorting to produce shale oil and fuel gas [4,5].However, the discarded fine oil shale residual particles, discarded semi-coke and tail ...

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  • U.S. Shale Oil Production

     · Since Permian shale-oil generally sees a 50-80% gross oil production decline in the first 24 months, to maintain production is akin to trying to keep a bicycle tire, with a hole through the tire ...

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  • IEA: Higher prices yet to trigger rebound in US shale ...

     · Higher crude oil prices have yet to trigger rebound in US shale oil, according to International Energy Agency (IEA) analysis. The US shale oil industry has become renowned for its …

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  • Shale Oil: Definition, Production, Fracking, Pros, Cons

     · Shale oil is a high-quality crude oil that lies between layers of shale rock, impermeable mudstone, or siltstone. Oil companies produce shale oil by fracturing the rock formations that contain the layers of oil. Since 2014, U.S. shale oil has created a boom in domestic crude oil production. 1  Shale oil comprises more than a third of the ...

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  • Shale oil extraction

    Oil Shale Processing - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

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  • ShaleProfile | Shale Oil & Gas Production and Completion Data

    Oil production in North Dakota from horizontal wells rose by 1% in April, m-o-m, to 1.08 million bo/d. Natural gas production has hovered just below 3.0 Bcf/d since October. Only 177 horizontal wells began production in the first 4 months of this year, the lowest in over a decade.

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  • API | Oil Shale

    U.S. Oil Shale: Protecting Our Environment. Companies have made technological advancements that substantially mitigate environmental impacts associated with oil shale production and are committed to continued research and development in this area and environmentally responsible oil shale …

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  • Oil Shale

    Oil shale, despite the name, does not actually contain oil, but is a precursor of oil that is converted to crude oil when heated. This website contains assessments and geologic reports, as well as spatial and tabular datasets, fischer assays and well logs from USGS oil shale research studies. The Eocene Green River Formation of Colorado, Utah ...

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  • Exxon (XOM) Sees US Shale Oil Production Decline Per Well ...

     · Exxon (XOM) Sees US Shale Oil Production Decline Per Well. Exxon Mobil Corporation XOM has been generating fewer barrels of oil from the prolific shale fields of …

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  • Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities ...

    Addition of shale oil to the country''s proved oil reserves could occur in a manner similar to the addition of 175 billion barrels of oil from Alberta tar sands to Canada''s proved oil reserves. As a result of the commercial success, oil from tar sand production now exceeds one million barrels per day.

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  • What is Oil Shale? | Union of Concerned Scientists

     · Oil shale is a dirty and expensive source of unconventional oil. Oil shale is a mixture of sand, silt, salt, and an insoluble organic substance called kerogen. Rock-like at room temperature, oil shale produces vapors and gases when heated, which in turn are condensed and turned into oil. Oil shale shouldn''t be confused with "shale oil," also ...

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  • What Is Shale Oil and Why Is It Damaging to the Environment?

     · Shale Oil Extraction. Before we can talk about the environmental impact of shale oil, we have to become familiar with the process of oil shale. In many aspects, it is much more complicated than extracting liquid crude oil from the ground. With crude oil, the pressure present in the oil chambers simply forces the crude oil to the surface.

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