• Altona Rare Earths

    The rapid expansion of new energy technology and the increases in consumer demand for electric vehicles and wind turbine power generation is driving a rapid increase in global consumption for Rare Earth Elements, particularly Neodymium and Praseodymium (known as the "NdPr Metals"), crucial to permanent magnet manufacturing.

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  • The U.S. is trying to reclaim its rare-earth mantle ...

     · The last U.S. company making rare-earth supermagnets was Magnequench, ... Mountain Pass'' reserves are particularly rich in rare earths and now supply, in unpurified form, 15% of the rare …

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  • Greenland''s Unique Kvanefjeld Multi-element Rare Earth Project

    At a time of consolidation and increased regulation of the rare earth sector in China, Greenland may become an important new source of rare earth elements, particularly …

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  • China''s Control of Rare Earth Metals

     · In addition to the electronics sector, the U.S. defense industry relies heavily on rare earth elements. Industries that rely on permanent magnets are particularly vulnerable to disruptions in the supply chain. For example, as noted earlier, the batteries in electric vehicles rely …

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  • Rubio, McKinley, Colleagues Urge Biden Administration to ...

    The Executive Order specifically requires you to identify supply chains in which the United States is particularly dependent on our adversaries, including rare earth elements, and to develop specific recommendations for ensuring resilience in the supply chain for rare earth elements, and products composed of those elements.

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  • Rare earths outside China: Researchers identify new deposits

     · Rare earth elements are the gold of the 21st century: rare and highly prized all over the world. Most known and economically viable sources of rare earths are …

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  • Rare Earths Elements in High-Tech Industries with Focus on ...

     · This report analyzes applications and markets for rare earth materials, with particular emphasis on high-tech industries such as semiconductors, HDDs, …

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  • Lanthanum

    Lanthanum is a chemical element with the symbol La and atomic number 57. It is a soft, ductile, silvery-white metal that tarnishes slowly when exposed to air. It is the eponym of the lanthanide series, a group of 15 similar elements between lanthanum and lutetium in the periodic table, of which lanthanum is the first and the prototype.Lanthanum is traditionally counted among the rare earth ...

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  • Rare earth metals: tech manufacturers must think again ...

     · Recycling rare earth materials is particularly challenging as, once embedded in devices, they''re difficult to take out. Instead of discarding phones or IT equipment after a couple of years ...

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  • From coal, a new source of rare earths

     · The U.S. Department of Energy is seeking a domestic source of rare-earth elements (blue and red), particularly those it labels as critical to the U.S. economy (red).

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  • Rare Earth Properties

     · Actually, they aren''t particularly rare, but prior to 1945, long and tedious processes were required to purify the metals from their oxides. Ion-exchange and solvent extraction processes are used today to quickly produce highly pure, low-cost rare earths, but the old name is still in use. The rare earth metals are found in group 3 of the ...

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  • Neodymium

    Neodymium is a chemical element with the symbol Nd and atomic number 60. Neodymium belongs to the lanthanide series and is a rare-earth element is a hard, slightly malleable silvery metal that quickly tarnishes in air and moisture. When oxidized, neodymium reacts quickly to produce pink, purple/blue and yellow compounds in the +2, +3 and +4 oxidation states.

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  • Rare Earth Elements—Critical Resources for High Technology ...

     · In most rare earth deposits, the first four REE—La, Ce, Pr, and Nd—constitute 80 to 99% of the total. Therefore, deposits containing relatively high grades of the scarcer and more valuable heavy REE (HREE: Gd to Lu, Y) and Eu are particularly desirable.

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  • REE

    Rare Earth Element Production: This chart shows a history of rare earth element production, in metric tons of rare earth oxide equivalent, between 1950 and 2020. It clearly shows the United States'' entry into the market in the mid-1960s when color …

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  • Processing Is Key Element in US Rare-Earth Woes| Rare ...

     · Rare-earth elements are found in veins at Bokan Mountain in Alaska. ... "Processing is the key challenge for deposits that particularly are skewed toward the middle and heavy rare …

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  • Rare earths | Solvay

    Solvay is an active participant in the rare earth industry, particularly in the separation of heavy rare earths. We offer CYANEX® 572, a highly stable, phosphorus-based chelating extractant that is designed to improve SX performance relative to traditional phosphonic acid extractants has been specially formulated for the extraction and purification of rare earth elements.

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  • Rare Earth-Based Corrosion Inhibitors | ScienceDirect

    Rare earth-based technology, particularly cerium-based, has been extensively investigated as a replacement and shown considerable promise in a number of technologies, which are reviewed in this chapter. Select 8 - Novel and self-healing anticorrosion coatings using rare earth compounds.

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  • What are rare earth elements, and why are they important ...

    Rare earth elements are an essential part of many high-tech devices. The U.S. Geological Survey news release "Going Critical" explains: "Rare-earth elements (REE) are necessary components of more than 200 products across a wide range of applications, especially high-tech consumer products, such as cellular telephones, computer hard drives ...

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  • Rare-earth element

    Synonyms and Antonyms for rare-earth | Synonym

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  • Beyond "Fermi''s Paradox" IV: What is the Rare Earth ...

     · Rare Earth Equation. Because of this, Ward and Brownlee presented a revised version of the equation near the end of their book. N = N* x n e x f g x f p x f pm x f i x f c x f l x f m x f j x f me ...

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  • Rare Earth Elements and National Security | Council on ...

     · Rare Earth Elements and National Security. October 17, 2014 Download PDF ... particularly in light of capital investment and technological advances that have made non-Chinese producers more ...

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  • China continues dominance of rare earths markets to 2030 ...

     · The incentives are designed to increase Russia''s share of global rare earths production to 10% by 2030, up from 1.3% now, with production expected to reach 7,000 tonnes of rare earths ...

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  • Rare earths: Neither rare, nor earths

     · The problem is getting hold of the rare earths that make this possible. More than 85% of the world''s supply of rare-earth metals comes from China. And practically of the "heavy" rare …

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  • New sources for rare metals vital in modern technology

     · At present, China produces roughly 77% of the world''s supply of rare earth elements. The rarest rare earths, particularly those used in permanent …

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  • Rare Earth Elements Not Rare, Just Playing Hard to Get ...

     · Rare Earth Elements Not Rare, Just Playing Hard to Get. Given their name, rare earth elements, and the fact that China controls 96 percent of REE …

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  • Separation of Rare Earth Elements

    The 17 rare earth elements, or lanthanides, consist of elements 21 (scandium), 39 (yttrium), and 57 (lanthanum) to 71 (lutetium). The rare earths were so named because of their low concentration in minerals which were scarce. However, some of the elements are not as rare as once thought. Today, the rare earths are important for their use in ...

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  • Chinese rare earths giant Shenghe is building global ...

     · A Chinese rare earths giant is building international alliances worldwide. Reuters/Stringer. From our Obsession. Because China. China is striving for …

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  • Rare earth processing: a complicated proposition | Energy ...

    SUNDANCE – Mining and processing rare earth elements is a particularly complicated endeavor. Unlike other minerals such as gold and silver, rare earth elements can''t be removed from the ground

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  • Pentagon strikes deal over Texas-based rare earths mine to ...

     · Rare earth elements are an assortment of 17 soft heavy metals found in the earth''s crust that are key in everything from cellphones to weapons systems, and China is …

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  • High Concentrations of Rare Earth Elements Found in ...

     · Concentrations of rare earths at 300 ppm are integral to the commercial viability of extracting REEs from coal and coal by-products, making NETL''s finding particularly significant in the effort to develop economical domestic supplies of these elements.

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  • Demand for rare-earth metals is skyrocketing, so we''re ...

     · Rare-earth metals are critical to the high-tech society we live in as an essential component of mobile phones, computers and many other everyday devices. ... particularly …

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  • Rare Earths -

     · Rare earths are a set of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically 57 through 71. Scandium and Yttrium are also considered rare earth elements because they tend to occur in the same ore deposits and exhibit similar chemical properties. Rare earths are not particularly rare. These elements are found in the earth''s crust.

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  • Rare Earth Elements

    Rare earth elements occur in many minerals but typically in concentrations too low to be refined in an economical manner; the concentration of REEs in the Earth''s crust is estimated to be between 150 to 220 parts per million, which is higher than the concentration of …

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  • Rare Earth

    Rare Earth (wt%) Rare earth (RE) is a generic name for 14 metallic elements of the lanthanide series. These elements have similar chemical properties and are usually supplied as a mixture of oxides extracted from ores such as bastnaesite or monazite. Rare earth improves the catalyst activity ( Figure 4.11) and hydrothermal stability.

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  • REE

    Rare Earth Element Production: This chart shows a history of rare earth element production, in metric tons of rare earth oxide equivalent, between 1950 and 2020. It clearly shows the United States'' entry into the market in the mid-1960s when color television exploded demand.

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