• Concrete Formwork Alternatives | For Construction Pros

     · Concrete formwork that offers an alternative to lumber continues to infiltrate the market. February 12, 2020. Amy Wunderlin. The use of Rapid Form Brackets on the construction …

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  • Exceptions from FIRPTA Withholding | Internal Revenue Service

    The qualified substitute gives you a statement, under penalties of perjury, that the certification is in the possession of the qualified substitute. For this purpose, a qualified substitute is (a) the person (including any attorney or title company) responsible for closing the transaction, other than the transferor''s agent, and (b) the ...

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  • Contractor''s Responsibility for Substitution of Specified ...

     · Contractor''s Responsibility for Substitution of Specified Materials. A contractor for a portion of the subway system in Washington, D.C. was found liable for a specified materials substitution. The specification required either natural rubber or lode bearing fiberglass isolation pads to support the reinforced concrete floating slabs.

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  • Uses, Benefits, and Drawbacks of Fly Ash in Construction

     · Benefits . Fly ash can be a cost-effective substitute for Portland cement in many markets. Fly ash is also recognized as an environmentally friendly material because it is a byproduct and has low embodied energy, the measure of how much energy is consumed in producing and shipping a building material contrast, Portland cement has a very high embodied energy because its production …

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  • Modal Substitute Construction

    Or-Equal Material Substitutions | Kamine Construction Law Firm

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  • "Or Equal" | Comments From a Spec Writer

     · A tip: use the "find" function in the software you''re viewing the electronic documents with, and search for "or equal" in Divisions 00 and 01. 4. Recommendation for architects and specifiers: If you are going to use "Or Equal," properly define it in the construction documents.

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  • Utilizing Mine Tailings as Substitute Construction ...

    Mine tailings (MT) have been used in previous studies as substitute construction material to re- cycle waste products, especially in hollow blocks and bricks production and as masonry mortar. This study investigated the use of Philex copper-gold mine tailings (PCGMT) in roller compacted

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  • Aerocon Bricks an excellent Alternative for Construction ...

     · In order to make use of these building materials more efficiently and make people aware of its benefits, an organised technique is required to promote them. It is very important that people are aware of the benefits of using the substitutes for construction materials.

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  • Alternative natural materials

    Alternative natural materials are natural materials like rock or adobe that are not as commonly in use as materials such as wood or iron.Alternative natural materials have many practical uses in areas such as sustainable architecture and engineering.The main purpose of using such materials is to minimize the negative effects that our built environment can have on the planet while increasing ...

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  • How to Specify Alternates by Kevin O''Beirne

     · Use of such a provision on a publicly-funded project is likely to increase the potential for a bid protest. Bid Form – EJCDC ® C-410, Bid Form for Construction Contracts (2013), includes sample language for, among other things, projects with a base bid plus additive alternates. The itemization in the Bid Form should be clearly identifiable ...

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  • 26 CFR § 1.263A-9

    The substitute capitalization method under this paragraph (g)(2)(iv) is a method of accounting that applies to all designated property of the taxpayer. A change to or from the substitute capitalization method is a change in method of accounting requiring the consent of the Commissioner under section 446(e) and § 1.446-1(e). (v) Examples.

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  • "Or Equal" Substitutions| Concrete Construction Magazine

    Download the PDF version of this article. (22.17 kB) When the specifications permit "or equal" substitutions, the contractor is entitled to make a substitution of materials or equipment which is equivalent or equal to the equipment or materials specified in the contract. If the design professional rejects the contractor''s substitution of ...

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  • Don''t Get Caught In The "Or Equal" Public Contract Trap ...

    Last is an attorney who has been specializing in Construction Law for over eighteen years. Mr. Last also holds a California A&B contractors license. If you have any questions Mr. Last can be contacted at 415-764-1990 or 650-696-8350 or by e-mail at [email protected] ...

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  • Substitutes or Alternatives of Bricks used for ...

    Substitutes or Alternatives of Bricks used for Construction in India! According to one study, our country needs about 60 billion bricks every year and if no suitable substitute is found out, this would exhaust about 1600 x 10 6 kN of clay fields or other agricultural land annually.. It will thus make barren about 3000 hectares of fertile land.

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  • Modal Substitute Construction

     · The Use of the Modal Substitute Construction. As you can guess from the name, a substitute construction replaces one way of saying things with another. The modal substitute construction is used to express the manner in which …

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  • Developments of the Construction Industry: Economic Analysis

     · The Construction industry provides employment for about 7% of the total global employed work force. It also accounts for being the largest energy consuming sector globally where it is recorded to consume about 2/5th of the total consumed energy worldwide and it is responsible for about half the total resources used worldwide.

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  • Building With Wood Part 1

    The use of Sitka Spruce was carried into post-war construction in many aircraft. The maintenance and restoration process of existing aircraft required a large supply of wood. Wood was a popular choice for aircraft construction because of its advantageous strength to …

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  • Alternate Building Materials Used in Construction Works

    Its construction is possible only with use of Terra-cotta cones made by village potter and village artisans with nominal cost. Appropriate water-resistant treatment can be given on top. It is cheaper by 30 percent than normal roof. (Developed by CSV) ...

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  • Alternatives to Solid Wood Exterior Trim | Building and ...

    Steve Ferrari, Project Manger, Kohl Construction in Hadley, MA is a typical example. Kohl construction is a progressive-minded company that readily embraces new technology. Kohl uses all the latest products in their high-end, high-quality homes. But Ferrari is quick to say, "We are reluctant to use a finger jointed product outdoors."

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  • 10 Materials That Could Replace Wood One Day | Networx

    It is a popular flooring material, and is growing into other areas of construction and remodeling. 7. Cardboard. Cardboard construction isn''t just for kids. A couple of plywood substitutes on the market are made primarily or entirely from post-consumer waste, such as recycled cardboard. 8. Newspaper

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  • Why Use Standard Construction Contracts?

    If you are not using an architect for contract administration or supervision, then you''ll need to modify the contract to use it. Assuming you are not using a construction manager, then the responsibilities assigned to the architect generally revert to you, the owner. So one approach is to substitute "owner" or "architect" where ...

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  • Which Wood Substitute Works Best? | Family Handyman

     · Use blades made for fiber cement instead. Hot-dipped galvanized or stainless steel nails are recommended and must be set flush. Field-cut edges must be painted. You can get fiber cement trim primed or pre-finished in many colors.

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  • Alternatives to Lumber and Plywood in Home Construction ...

    The diminished supply and unstable price of lumber is compelling designers, builders, and developers to explore alternative materials for residential construction. This report reviews basic information about several innovative materials and technologies that may offer structural and functional advantages to the building industry.

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  • Fly Ash Concrete [why should it be use]

    ADVANTAGES USE OF FLY ASH. Fly ash is a good substitute as well as good replacement material in concrete when compared with advantages and disadvantages. Especially the low emission of carbon which is a requirement of sustainable development can be identified as one of the key factors to be considered when thinking about the future.

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  • Alternatives to Wooden Frames in Construction

     · The need to seek alternatives to wooden frames has led to the construction industry turning to the use of steel, concrete, structural insulated panels (SIPs), among others. Aside from the disadvantage to the use of wooden frames in constructing houses and buildings, one more threat that the alternative materials bypasses is their higher ...

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  • (PDF) THE REUSE OF CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION MATERIALS ...

    THE REUSE OF CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION MATERIALS AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR PEBBLES TAKEN FROM RIVER BEDS IN THE AMAZON (BRAZIL) FOR USE AS AGGREGATE IN ASPHALT MIXTURES Consuelo Alves da Frota* Professor of Civil Engineering and the post-graduate program, Coordinator of the post-graduate program in Engineering Resources of the Amazon and the …

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  • On the Construction of Substitutes

    constructive description remains a major open problem. The construction problem asks how to construct all gross substitutes from a class of simpler functions using a set of operations. Since gross substitutes are a natural generalization of matroids to real-valued functions, matroid rank functions form a desirable such class of simpler functions.

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  • Alternative Cement substitutes materials

     · Mixed with cement during the construction of the Hoover Dam during the 1930s, it wasn''t until the 1980s when its use in construction became commonplace. There are two types of fly ash: Class C fly ash is produced from the burning of younger lignite or sub-bituminous coal, and it contains considerably more lime and is stronger than its ...

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  • Alternative Materials and Their Use in Historic Districts

    new construction in historic neighborhoods. There are several different approaches to the use of cementitious siding as a replacement material on a historic dwelling where the original wood siding has deteriorated. Indian-apolis and Nashville do not allow the use of this material as a substitute …

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  • Different Types of Wood Substitutes | Hunker

    Wood substitutes are building products that are not graded as lumber. Composite substitutes contain wood fibers and a mixture of plastic or cement, glue and assorted other materials. Structural substitutes, also known as engineered wood, consist of thin, overlapping strips of lumber laminated together under hydraulic pressure.

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  • Plastic Lumber Possibilities

    Traditional applications find progressive results As a substitute for treated lumber, plastic lumber products resist insects, rot, moisture, and many chemicals. There are two different types of plastic-lumber products—the "composites" (wood products made from a mix of plastics and natural fibers) and the "wood-like" products made solely from plastics. Many of these products use ...

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  • Contractors'' guide to form ...

    effect Spray apply at and federal VOC regulations. Use at 1,000 sq ft per gal. any temperature above 30° F. Cresset Super-Strip Steel, B-B and overlaid Barrier 1-, 5-, 55-, and 420 Relatively inexpensive nonstaining 105 Chemical Co. 44 Form plywood, fiberglass, and reactive 275-gal. containers release agent for use where a better

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  • 4 Substitute wood products you should try

    WATCH OUT FOR: Construction considerations. Ipe''s hardness is rough on cutters. Be sure to use sharp, carbide-tipped blades and bits. To avoid surface checking, immediately treat the ends of ipe with a wax-based end-grain sealer after cutting it.

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  • Preservation Brief 16: The Use of Substitute Materials on ...

    As often happens in construction law, an idea which seems simple can, in fact, require a great deal of interpretation. In the case of or-equal material substitutions, there are laws determining what is considered equal. Legally, the substitute must function as …

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  • Temporal Substitute Construction

     · 1. The Use of the Temporal Substitute Construction. As you can guess from the name, a substitute construction replaces one way of saying things with another. The temporal substitute construction is used to replace linked sentences …

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